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10 Facts About Crohn’s Disease

Crohn’s disease means more than just a sensitive digestive tract. From symptoms to treatments, here’s what you need to know about the inflammatory bowel disease.

Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory bowel disease in which the immune system attacks the lining of the intestine, usually the ending of the small intestine (called the ileum) or the colon. But it’s more than just a case of irritable bowels. Crohn’s disease symptoms range from abdominal cramps to ulcers that eat through the intestinal wall, and the complications—including pain, diarrhea, and malnutrition—can be sometimes be fatal. But with a proper diagnosis and the right medical care, managing the condition is possible for patients with Crohn’s. Here are more facts about Crohn’s disease, from testing to treatments.

1. CROHN’S DISEASE CAUSES ARE UNKNOWN, BUT GENETICS MAY BE INVOLVED.

The exact causes of Crohn’s disease haven’t been identified, but for many people, family history plays a role. About 15 percent of Crohn’s patients share the diagnosis with a first-degree relative (parent, sibling, or child). Whether the family cluster patterns have more to do with genetics or environment is still unclear, though environmental factors appear to have more of an impact on the development of Crohn’s disease symptoms. Scientists have also identified more than 200 gene variants that could influence Crohn’s disease risk, mostly affecting genes related to immune system function.

2. CROHN’S DISEASE SYMPTOMS CAN COME AND GO.

Crohn’s disease is characterized by inflammation of the digestive tract, and common signs include abdominal pain, rectal bleeding, diarrhea, fatigue, and fever. In severe cases, the inflammation can cause ulcers in the intestinal wall that prevents nutrient absorption, which can lead to weight loss and malnutrition. The intensity of these symptoms can be unpredictable. Flare-ups of gastrointestinal distress can last weeks to months, and there can also be long stretches of time when patients live symptom-free. Anti-inflammatory treatments can encourage the symptoms to go into remission, but the disease can never be cured completely.

3. YOUR DIET CAN MAKE CROHN’S DISEASE SYMPTOMS WORSE.

Doctors used to think of diet as one of the main causes of Crohn’s disease, but now it’s just thought to be a factor that exacerbates the symptoms. Certain foods can aggravate the digestive systems of people with Crohn’s. High-fiber foods, such fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, are some of the worst culprits, though cooked fruits and vegetables are generally gentler on the GI tract than raw ones.

Read on: 10 Facts About Crohn’s Disease

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