Learn nine important facts about the inflammatory bowel diseases of ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease.
- Ulcerative Colitis (UC) is one of the two main forms of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD). The other main form of IBD is a condition known as Crohn’s Disease.
- It is estimated that there are at least 146,000 living in the UK with UC which means 1 in every 420 people have been diagnosed with the condition.
- Ulcerative Colitis causes inflammation and ulceration of the inner lining of the rectum and colon (the large bowel). The inflammation usually begins in the rectum and lower colon, but it may affect the entire colon.
- Symptoms may range from mild to severe and will vary from person to person. The main symptoms include; diarrhea often with blood, severe pain, anaemia, extreme fatigue and sometimes dramatic weight loss.
- There is no known cure.
- Possible causes – Although there has been a lot of research, we still don’t really know what causes Ulcerative Colitis. Researchers now believe that UC is caused by a combination of factors: your genes, environment and an abnormal reaction of the immune system to bacteria in the gut.
- Treatments – There is a wide range of drugs such as immunosupressants used to treat the inflammation and sometimes surgery is needed when these treatments are proving ineffective. Surgery may be needed to remove the whole or part of the colon and this may require a stoma and a colostomy bag.
Read Full Article: 9 things you need to know about Ulcerative Colitis | Crohn’s & Colitis UK