Managing risk factors for heart disease is important for those with rheumatoid arthrtisi.
In patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), knowledge regarding the impact of various risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) events is essential for the establishment of individualized risk evaluation and prevention. According to the results of a study published in the Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, optimal management of CVD risk factors continues to be a key objective of CVD risk management in patients with RA.1
Data on CVD risk factors and RA characteristics were collected at baseline from 13 rheumatology centers. CVD outcomes — myocardial infarction, angina, revascularization, stroke, peripheral vascular disease, and CVD death — were based on standardized definitions. A total of 5638 patients (mean age, 55.3 ± 14.0 years; 76% women) with RA and no previous CVD were included in the study.
At a mean follow-up of 5.8 ± 4.4 years, 148 men and 241 women experienced a CVD event (10-year cumulative incidence of 20.9% and 11.1%, respectively). A higher burden of CVD risk factors — increased blood pressure, higher total cholesterol levels, and smoking prevalence — was reported among men compared with women (P <.001 for all). Of the traditional risk factors for CVD, smoking and hypertension were associated with the highest population attributable risk (PAR) overall and for both genders.
Read full article: Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients
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