Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory bowel condition similar to ulcerative colitis.
Affecting as many as 50-100 people per 100,000, Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory bowel condition closely related to ulcerative colitis. Dr Paul Lambden explores symptoms of both illnesses as well as methods of diagnoses and modern day treatments
Crohn’s disease, also known as regional ileitis, is a type of inflammatory bowel disease. Although it can affect any part of the bowel it classically affects the ileum (small intestine). There are about 50-100 sufferers per 100,000 of the population and it is more common in Northern Europe than Southern Europe. It most commonly affects people in the third decade of their lives but there is a second smaller peak in people in their sixties. The disease is more likely to be severe if it starts at a younger age.
Abdominal pain is the characteristic and, usually, the initial symptom of Crohn’s disease, often accompanied by diarrhoea which may be bloody and typically of large volume and watery. In severe cases the patient may suffer 15-20 bowel movements a day and have to get up at night. Blood is more common if the disease also affects the colon, which occurs in about 20% of patients. Other features depend on the sites affected by the disease and its severity and may include vomiting, dyspepsia, mouth ulcers, a constant feeling of wanting the bowels open and soreness and irritation round the back passage. More general symptoms may be malaise, weight loss, anaemia, a persistent low-grade fever, headache and depression. In some people joints are affected, producing an inflammatory arthritis which may affect the hips, knees and small joints of the hands and feet. Sometimes there are inflammatory changes in the eyes and red discoid patches may also appear on the skin.
Read full article: Crohn’s disease and Ulcerative Colitis | Practicebusiness.co.uk
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