Researchers undertook this prospective study to assess whether EMR reminders can be used by clinicians as a screening tool for hepatitis C in baby boomers.
Electronic medical record (EMR) reminders may be a valuable addition to screening protocols to successfully identify baby boomers with hepatitis C infection, and facilitate not only their referral to specialists, but successful treatment and cure as well, according to a recent study published in the Journal of Viral Hepatitis.
According to data from the 2003-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, a full 75% of those infected with hepatitis C in the United States were baby boomers, born between the 1945-1965. Consequently, the US Preventive Services Task Force and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommend one-time hepatitis C screening in this population to increase chances for early treatment and decrease the spread of hepatitis C.
Researchers undertook this prospective study to assess whether EMR reminders can be used by clinicians as a screening tool for hepatitis C in baby boomers, as well as to determine whether post-intervention with an EMR reminder would increase the number of patients screened, and subsequently referred and cured of hepatitis C.
They included 30,443 patients born 1945-1965 who had been seen twice in outpatient clinics in central Texas, excluding those with a previous diagnosis of chronic hepatitis C. Researchers compared screening and cure rates in these patients both before and after the implementation of an EMR reminder for screening.
They found that between February 2014 and February 2015, 1.87% of baby boomers had been screened, compared with 14.14% during the 12 months following EMR intervention in February 2015.
Before the intervention, two patients with a positive anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) test were positive for HCV-RNA according to polymerase chain reaction. Although both patients were referred to an infectious disease clinic, only one attended and was cured, which researchers defined as a sustained virologic response (an undetectable HCV-RNA level) at 12 weeks after completion of treatment.
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