Hemophilia increases risk of joint diseases, bleeding into joints

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Hemophilia increases risk of joint diseases, bleeding into joints

Hemophilia can cause uncontrolled bleeding into joints, which can result in as much damage to joints as having arthritis. It’s important to prevent and treat joint bleeds.

Hemophilia, a disorder that makes it difficult for the body to control blood clotting, can increase the risk of joint diseases and bleeding into joints.

For some time now, doctors who treat people with hemophilia have noticed that adults with severe cases of the blood clotting disorder experience joint diseases. They say this is happening due to repeated bleeding in the joints. What is particularly upsetting is that in some cases the damage that can take place after a hemophilia joint bleed can be permanent.

About 20,000 American men have hemophilia. While women can get the disorder, it is rare in the female population. Right now there is no cure for hemophilia. Hemophilia and joint pain can make life miserable for some sufferers.

Hemophilia and joint damage 

Hemophilia with joint damage is much the same as joint damage experienced by people who suffer from arthritis. The hemophilia joint damage happens in the cartilage and the synovium around the bones. The snynovium is a lining that lubricates the joint, as well as removing debris from the joint. There are blood vessels in the synovium, so that’s why bleeding into joints is common in people who have this disorder.

When there is blood in the joint, the snynovium tends to absorb it. Since blood has iron in it, the lining gets thicker. As the synovium thickens, it contains more blood vessels. Scientists believe it causes more bleeding as a result.

During bleeding, enzymes from the snynovium, which is swollen, start to destroy cartilage around the bones. As a result, you can get bone rubbing on bone, which can be very painful. As joint bleeding continues, movement may become restricted in a particular area.

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