Learn more about a study that found changeable lifestyle factors can influence depression associated with multiple sclerosis.
Changeable lifestyle factors influence the risk and severity of depression associated with multiple sclerosis (MS), a study based on a large group of patients shows.
According to the study, alcohol consumption in particular was linked negatively with depression incidence and severity. In addition, a healthy diet and vitamin D and omega-3 supplementation had a somewhat positive influence on changes in depression score.
The study “Longitudinal Associations of Modifiable Lifestyle Factors With Positive Depression-Screen Over 2.5-Years in an International Cohort of People Living With Multiple Sclerosis” was published in the journal Frontiers in Psychiatry.
It is estimated that about 50 percent of MS patients experience an episode of depression. But to date, little is known about the treatment options against MS-related depression, and most of the treatments available are based on psychiatric or pharmacological interventions.
More knowledge about the effects of lifestyle factors on MS-associated depression potentially could improve the prevention and treatment of the condition.
As part of a wider Health Outcomes and Lifestyle In a Sample of people with Multiple Sclerosis (HOLISM) study, researchers investigated the influence of changeable lifestyle factors on depression risk, severity, and changes in MS patients.
In total, 2,224 MS patients were recruited online and completed a Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ) testing for depressive episodes. Of this initial group, 1,401 patients completed the 2.5-year follow-up with concluding PHQs.
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