A vegetarian diet could be beneficial in multiple sclerosis.
A diet that incorporates non-fermentable fiber — a common component of a vegetarian diet — during early life can help prevent the onset of autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS), a new study shows.
The study, “Dietary non-fermentable fiber prevents autoimmune neurological disease by changing gut metabolic and immune status,” was published in the journal Nature Scientific Reports.
The dietary habits of humans have changed drastically over the past few decades, which is a trend paralleled by an ever-increasing prevalence of autoimmune diseases like MS.
It is thought that a “Western diet” can alter the gut microbiome – referring to the bacteria and other microorganisms that reside in the gut – leading to the development of autoimmune disease.
Identifying the dietary factors that contribute to the development of these diseases may help develop therapeutic strategies to help treat or prevent autoimmunity.
Dietary fibers, which are composed of both fermentable and non-fermentable fibers, have a wide range of physiological effects. Fermentable fibers are easily fermented by bacteria in the colon, while non-fermentable fiber are not.
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